Work in progress

Working on BGT data (on-going work about covid-19, education, tech skills). On-going work using the French firm level data.

Innovation and Multi-Establishment Firm Structure (with John Morrow) - first version of slides available (August 2022). Abstract: Recent studies show that technology adoption and innovation by firms can lead to labour up-skilling and may exacerbate wage polarisation in industrialised countries. Investments in Research and Development is one way for firms to adopt new technologies, which are incentivized by pro-technology policies. The resulting changes in the structure of production will likely impact factor use of both adopting firms and firms connected to them through spillovers. For this reason, the social return on R&D spending is often deemed to be higher than their private return. This paper models and estimates how French policies for research and innovation (CIR) shape the organisation of production and quantifies how innovation spillovers affect networks of firms.

Minimum Wage and Skills: Evidence from Job Vacancy Data (with M. Kuczera) - first draft available (Feb 2022). Abstract: Low-wage occupations tend to be populated by workers with low levels of education. An increase in the minimum wage, while designed to protect workers in the low part of the wage distribution, might result in unintended consequences for those same workers. In this paper, we study firms’ reaction to higher minimum wages, exploiting the 2016 minimum-wage policy in the UK. We document how an increase in the minimum wage affects the labour hiring for different education and technical skill levels of workers. The results show that an increase in the minimum wage compressed the demand for low-educated workers while at the same time expanded the demand for workers with technical skills (tech workers) in low and middle skilled occupations. Using a differences-in-differences framework, we find that a large and unexpected change to the minimum wage led to a 6 percentage point decrease in the proportion of non-graduate vacancies. There is evidence for labour-labour substitution and labour-capital substitution as a way to compensate for labour costs increases.

Uncertainty and the COVID-19 crisis: Evidence from online job postings (with C. Criscuolo and M. Squicciarini) - first draft available (2021). Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered large declines in economic activity, impacting different industries, firms and workers in heterogeneous ways. This paper uses Burning Glass Technologies’ online job posting data for the United Kingdom for the period 2019-May 21 to study the impact of the decline in activity and rise in uncertainty related to the pandemic on local labour markets. This paper uses a measure of local labour market exposure to the global pandemic shock. We find that areas that were more exposed saw a larger decline in online job adverts during the crisis. Controlling for demand and supply shocks, rise in global uncertainty has an additional effect on labour markets that needs to be taken into account to quantify the effects of the crisis.

Pre-doctoral and policy work

The evolution of the association between community level social capital and COVID-19 deaths and hospitalizations in the United States (with F. Borgovoni and S.V. Subramanian)
Social Science & Medicine, 2021, The Academic Times.

Bowling together by bowling alone: Social capital and Covid-19 (with F. Borgovoni)
Social Science & Medicine, 2020,

Community-Level Social Capital and COVID-19 Infections and Fatality in the United States (with F. Borgovoni and S.V. Subramanian)
CEPR Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Papers, issue 32, p. 110-126, 2020, VoxEU.

Bowling together by bowling alone: Social capital and Covid-19 (with F. Borgovoni)
CEPR Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Papers, issue 17, p. 73-96, 2020, VoxEU, IOE London Blog.

The role of education and skills in bridging the digital gender divide, evidence from APEC countries (with F. Borgovoni, A.S. Liebender and M. Squicciarini), OECD, 2019.

Occupational transitions: the cost of moving to a “safe haven” (with S. Jamet, L. Marcolin and M. Squicciarini)
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers, 2019,