Work in progress

Working on BGT data (on-going work about covid-19, education, tech skills). On-going work using the French firm level data.

Multi-establishment Firm Structure and Subsidies (with John Morrow) - draft available (March 2023). Abstract: How do Multiple Establishment (ME) firms distribute resources across establishments, and does this result in spillovers far from headquarters. This paper describes ME firm structure in France and estimates the impact of subsidies on establishment structure, employment composition and spillovers to external proximate establishments. In response to the subsidy, ME firms open new establishments and their footprint expands, while hiring occupations at different rates. The most responsive occupations are techies and high-skill support workers in line with R&D targetting of the subsidy, with most occupational growth coming through new establishments. Evaluating the policy, we estimate an employment spillover elasticity of 1.3% at the postcode level and 10% at the commuting zone level within industry, but no significant effect across industries. Spillover hiring is highest in techies and high-skill support workers. While subsidies may nominally be given to headquarters in high-skill advanced areas, ME firms function to redistribute employment and positive spillovers more broadly.

Minimum Wage and Skills: Evidence from Job Vacancy Data - new draft available (May 2023). Abstract: Low-wage occupations tend to be low skill and increases in the minimum wage might benefit these workers but have unintended consequences. Following a large and unexpected increase in UK minimum wages in 2016, we document how it compressed both the demand for low-educated workers and the demand for workers with low technical skill levels in low and middle skilled occupations. Using a difference-in-differences framework, we estimate an 11 percentage point decrease in the proportion of non-graduate vacancies and a 15 percentage point decline in the share of low-tech ads. There is evidence for labour-labour substitution at the low-end of the skill distribution and labour-technology substitution for more educated workers to adapt to minimum wage increases.

Uncertainty and the COVID-19 crisis: Evidence from online job postings (with C. Criscuolo and M. Squicciarini) - first draft available (2021). Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered large declines in economic activity, impacting different industries, firms and workers in heterogeneous ways. This paper uses Burning Glass Technologies’ online job posting data for the United Kingdom for the period 2019-May 21 to study the impact of the decline in activity and rise in uncertainty related to the pandemic on local labour markets. This paper uses a measure of local labour market exposure to the global pandemic shock. We find that areas that were more exposed saw a larger decline in online job adverts during the crisis. Controlling for demand and supply shocks, rise in global uncertainty has an additional effect on labour markets that needs to be taken into account to quantify the effects of the crisis.

Pre-doctoral and policy work

The evolution of the association between community level social capital and COVID-19 deaths and hospitalizations in the United States (with F. Borgovoni and S.V. Subramanian)
Social Science & Medicine, 2021, The Academic Times.

Bowling together by bowling alone: Social capital and Covid-19 (with F. Borgovoni)
Social Science & Medicine, 2020,

Community-Level Social Capital and COVID-19 Infections and Fatality in the United States (with F. Borgovoni and S.V. Subramanian)
CEPR Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Papers, issue 32, p. 110-126, 2020, VoxEU.

Bowling together by bowling alone: Social capital and Covid-19 (with F. Borgovoni)
CEPR Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Papers, issue 17, p. 73-96, 2020, VoxEU, IOE London Blog.

The role of education and skills in bridging the digital gender divide, evidence from APEC countries (with F. Borgovoni, A.S. Liebender and M. Squicciarini), OECD, 2019.

Occupational transitions: the cost of moving to a “safe haven” (with S. Jamet, L. Marcolin and M. Squicciarini)
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers, 2019,