Work in progress

Working on the French firm level data to study location of innovation. BGT data (on-going work about covid-19, education, tech skills).

Multi-establishment Firm Structure and Subsidies (with John Morrow) - draft available. Abstract: How do firms diffuse resources, and does this result in spillovers far from headquarters? We show subsidies induce French firms to hire new workers, mainly in new establishments and often in new commuting zones, with little evidence of reallocation. The most hiring responsive occupations are techies and support workers in line with R&D targeting. We estimate a subsidy employment spillover elasticity of .11 at the commuting zone level within industry, but weak effects in the commuting zone. Dispersed industries have half this elasticity and concentrated industries twice this elasticity. While subsidies are awarded to headquarters in advanced areas, firms redistribute effects more broadly.

Minimum Wage and Skills: Evidence from Job Vacancy Data - new draft available (April 2024). Abstract: Increases in the minimum wage are designed to benefit low wage workers, but may have unintended consequences if firms attempt to compensate for the increased labour costs, through substituting the low skilled with different types of labour or new technology adoption. Following a large and unexpected increase in UK minimum wages in 2016, we document how it compressed both the demand for low-educated workers and the demand for jobs at high Risk Of Automation (ROA), while increasing demand for technical skills. Using a difference-in-differences framework, this paper provides evidence for labour-labour substitution at the low-end of the skill distribution to adapt to minimum wage increases. It also supports labour-technology substitution, as the policy both reduces the share of jobs that can more easily be replaced by new technology, and increases the share of jobs requiring advanced technical skills.

Uncertainty and the COVID-19 crisis: Evidence from online job postings (with C. Criscuolo and M. Squicciarini) - first draft available (2021). Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered large declines in economic activity, impacting different industries, firms and workers in heterogeneous ways. This paper uses Burning Glass Technologies’ online job posting data for the United Kingdom for the period 2019-May 21 to study the impact of the decline in activity and rise in uncertainty related to the pandemic on local labour markets. This paper uses a measure of local labour market exposure to the global pandemic shock. We find that areas that were more exposed saw a larger decline in online job adverts during the crisis. Controlling for demand and supply shocks, rise in global uncertainty has an additional effect on labour markets that needs to be taken into account to quantify the effects of the crisis.

Pre-doctoral and policy work

The evolution of the association between community level social capital and COVID-19 deaths and hospitalizations in the United States (with F. Borgovoni and S.V. Subramanian)
Social Science & Medicine, 2021, The Academic Times.

Bowling together by bowling alone: Social capital and Covid-19 (with F. Borgovoni)
Social Science & Medicine, 2020,

Community-Level Social Capital and COVID-19 Infections and Fatality in the United States (with F. Borgovoni and S.V. Subramanian)
CEPR Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Papers, issue 32, p. 110-126, 2020, VoxEU.

Bowling together by bowling alone: Social capital and Covid-19 (with F. Borgovoni)
CEPR Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Papers, issue 17, p. 73-96, 2020, VoxEU, IOE London Blog.

The role of education and skills in bridging the digital gender divide, evidence from APEC countries (with F. Borgovoni, A.S. Liebender and M. Squicciarini), OECD, 2019.

Occupational transitions: the cost of moving to a “safe haven” (with S. Jamet, L. Marcolin and M. Squicciarini)
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers, 2019,